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[depth/attitude] smart manufacturing "eye" machine vision next gold outlet
The author:SIPO  Time:2018-04-03  Read: 199

Industry 4.0 is inseparable from intelligent manufacturing, intelligent manufacturing can not be separated from machine vision. In 2015, China’s machine vision market accounted for 8.3% of the world's total, and its growth rate exceeded 20%. Machine vision has opened a “new horizon” for industrial automation in China.

        Smart Manufacturing Visual Entrance

        Introduction and classification

        Machine vision refers to the use of cameras, cameras, and other sensors, in conjunction with machine vision algorithms to give intelligent devices the human eye's functions to perform object recognition, detection, measurement, and other functions. Machine vision can be divided into industrial vision and computer vision.


Machine vision classification

        Composition and principle

        The machine vision system is generally composed of a light source, a lens, an industrial camera, an image acquisition card, an image processing unit, and a visual processing software.



Machine vision system composition and working principle

        Advantages and characteristics

        Machine vision has the advantages of a high degree of automation, high efficiency, high accuracy and a poorly adapted environment.



Machine vision performance advantage principle

        Is necessary for smart manufacturing

        If the industrial robot is an extension of the human hand and the vehicle is an extension of the human leg, then machine vision is equivalent to the extension of human vision on the machine. Machine vision realizes the automatic judgment and recognition of features such as the size, shape, and color of the workpiece. It allows the machine to replace human eyes for measurement and judgment. It is an essential means for realizing industrial automation and intelligence.





Machine vision functions in the field of smart manufacturing

        Downstream application of machine vision

        Wide range of applications

        As a key technology that brings visual functions to robots, machine vision is widely used. From industrial vision to computer vision, from human-computer interaction to automatic driving, from virtual reality to automatic object recognition, machine vision can play an important role.



Machine Vision Applications

        Industrial field

        The downstream market of machine vision in the field of industrial robots is mainly in the semiconductor and electronic manufacturing, automotive, food and packaging, and pharmaceutical industries. Other industries such as tobacco, agriculture, and mechanical parts are also important industries for machine vision applications.


 Machine Vision in Packaging Machinery and Mechanical Components Application Examples


Machine Vision Industrial Applications

        The difficulty of machine vision in the industrial field lies in the accuracy and speed. The requirements are all in the millimeter level, and the change of the industrial robots in the industrial field is in the three-dimensional space.



Industrial robot positioning technology flow based on machine vision

        Service Robotics

        Sweeping robot

        At present, there are mainly two types of technology paths for sweeping robots that are capable of autonomously avoiding obstacles and planning routes, machine vision technologies, and laser radar navigation technologies. Machine vision-based robot sweeping refers to obtaining images through the camera and using algorithms to implement planning paths and avoid obstacles.



Comparison of features of sweeping robots with different technical solutions

        Based on machine vision technology, sweeping robots, there are currently two products, one is iRobot 980, one is Dyson 360 eye.




iRobot 980 and Dyson 360 eye

        According to IFR statistics, global home robot sales reached US$1.2 billion in 2014, an increase of 24% year-on-year. At the same time, according to the GFK data, the retail sales volume of China's sweeping robot market in 2015 will be around 5 billion yuan. This figure will increase to 12 billion yuan in 2018, and the market is huge.


2012-2018 Global and China Sweeping Robot Market Forecast (USD million)

        Unmanned area

        Cameras (machine vision), laser radars, millimeter-wave radars, ultrasonic radars, and GPS are the five most important sensors for driverless car sensor systems.



Comparison of the characteristics of cameras (machine vision) and other four types of driverless cars (click for larger image)

        According to forecasts by McKinsey and Goldman Sachs, around 2022, there will be a certain trend of application of driverless cars. By 2030, driverless cars will enter the automotive consumer market.



Development stage of unmanned industrialization and forecast of important nodes

        Machine Vision Market Size Overview


        According to data provided by the American Imaging Association, the global machine vision component and system market space grew from $2.52 billion in 2010 to $4.2 billion in 2015, a compound annual growth rate of 10.8%.



2010-2015 Global Machine Vision Components and Systems Market Space

        In the area, machine vision is mainly distributed in the United States, Germany, Japan, China and other countries. Although the Chinese machine vision industry started late, it has developed rapidly and has become the third largest machine vision market in the world after the United States and Japan.



2014 Global Machine Vision Market Distribution

        In the field of application, the downstream industries of industrial machine vision are mainly semiconductor and electronics manufacturing, followed by the automotive industry.



2015 Global Machine Vision Component Level System Market Distribution


        China's machine vision started in the 1980s. Before 2006, the application of domestic machine vision products was mainly concentrated in foreign-funded manufacturing enterprises, and the scale was very small. In 2011, the domestic machine vision market started to start. Currently, the industry is in a period of rapid development with a large space for development.



China's machine vision industry development period

        In 2015, the market size of domestic machine vision hardware and systems reached 2.2 billion yuan, accounting for 8.3% of the world's total, with a growth rate of 20.9%, which was higher than the global average.



Market and Growth of China's Machine Vision Market from 2010 to 2018

        China's machine vision industry competition

        In the entire machine vision system, semiconductor components and software development account for 80% of the cost, of which imported core components and underlying software development account for 60% of the production cost.


The cost of machine vision

        At present, the forces active in China's machine vision market can be divided into three categories: International Integrated Automation Industry Corporation, international specialized machine vision manufacturers, and domestic specialized machine vision companies, among which foreign companies still occupy the dominant position in the machine vision market, and China's machine vision industry The company focuses on product agents, system integration and equipment manufacturing, with fewer developers on the ground floor.



The distribution of companies in the domestic machine vision industry chain

        Judging from the industry companies, China has more than 100 international machine vision brands, China has more than 102 own machine vision companies, more than 200 machine vision product agents, and more than 50 professional machine vision system integrators.


  The Number and Growth Rate of China's Machine Vision Enterprises from 2007 to 2013


Responsible editor: karl

Solemnly declare: This article only represents the author's personal point of view, please readers for reference only, and please verify the relevant content.

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